... A gerund phrase is a group of words beginning with a gerund and including any modifiers to that gerund. . . A gerund phrase is a gerund with a direct object. A gerund is one of three classes of words called verbals — words based on verbs and expressing an action or a state of being but serving another grammatical function. I don't know whether to include the 'My not' into the gerund phrase... because don't some gerund phrases have pronouns? 3. In such a case, the infinitive phrase will follow the now ... complement in a sentence. A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus modifier(s), object(s), and/or complement(s). Gerund phrases always function as nouns, so they will be subjects, subject complements, or objects in the sentence. Together they function as a noun, which can be a subject, direct object, indirect object, object of a preposition, or subject complement … Using an English Gerund as the Subject of a Sentence. This lesson will tackle gerunds, gerund phrases, and how they are used. The verbs are italics, and complements are in bold: 2.4.1 Linking Verb Complements Subject Complements: 1. Reading books on the porch rocks! Functions in a sentence Because they act like nouns, gerunds can be used as the subject of a sentence, the subject complement of the linking verb be , the object of a preposition, or the object of a verb. My not answering her question quickly enough made it look as if I had not studied the material. Walaupun berfungsi sebagai noun namun masih berperilaku seperti verb ketika berada di dalam frasanya yang disebut gerund phrase, misalnya diikuti direct object jika gerund dibentuk dari transitive verb atau dapat disertai modifier seperti adverb (kata keterangan) dan prepositional phrase.. contoh gerund dan gerund phrase. Is this correct? A gerund clause can be a subject complement after "be": * The hardest thing about learning English is understan- ding the gerund. Exercising keeps you healthy. Reading rocks! A gerund phrase is a phrase that consists of a gerund, its object, and any modifiers. (gerund phrase as the complement of a preposition) Using gerunds of the appropriate auxiliary verbs, one can form gerund clauses that express perfect aspect and passive voice: Being deceived can make someone feel angry. So I think 'being ' as gerund. Gerund subjects take a singular verb. Like below sentence Would you mind me carrying this bag? Gerund phrases as objects of prepositions: Her joy in preparing for company was obvious. I love listening. *( Complement is a word, clause, or a phrase that is required to complete the meaning of a sentence. Gerunds can either stand alone, or they can take a noun (the object of the gerund) and/or modifier(s) to form a gerund phrase. Flying makes me nervous. A gerund phrase will begin with a gerund, an ing word, and will include other modifiers and/or objects. The gerund as the complement of the verb 'to be'. A gerund accompanied by its objects, complements, and/or modifiers is called a gerund phrase or simply a noun phrase.Like nouns, gerunds and gerund phrases can function as subjects, objects, or complements in a sentence.Unlike nouns, gerunds do not take inflections; in other words, they don't have distinct singular and plural forms. The Gerund a summary. Gerund as Subject Complement. Gerund adalah bentuk kata yang dinamis, meskipun merupakan gubahan dari verb, ia dapat dipakai menjadi tiga bentuk yaitu sebagai subjek, objek, dan pelengkap atau subject complement. It seems that 'being' is used in the same way as 'carrying'. A. gerund … (Rolf Kreyer, Introduction to English Syntax. Do you need help? They can be hard to master, and new English speakers often wonder why they have to use one in a given situation. 4 Smoking is bad for your health. Cooking costs less than eating out. Yang dimaksud dengan gerund sebagai subject complement adalah gerund yang dipadankan dengan bentuk to be seperti is, am, are, dengan kata lain gerund sebagai subject complement lazim ditemukan … Meanwhile, an English gerund phrase is a gerund with modifiers or a complement, all acting together as a noun. Some examples: The gerund phrase functions as the subject of the sentence. When a verb ends in -ing, it may be a gerund or a present participle.It is important to understand that they are not the same. (preposition = in) Since completing his degree, his opportunities are endless. (Reading is identifying the noun "activity.") Gerunds and gerund phrases are a part of commercial speech, which means you’re likely to find them in many literary works as well. Complements will be explained in detail in a separate post) . the gerund is cooking and it acts as a subject complement (or … Shopping is an expensive hobby. A/An _____ phrase uses the present participial form of a verb, along with any modifiers, as a noun, serving as a subject, object, or subject complement. GERUND; An activity may also be expressed with a gerund or gerund clause, which can function as the subject or complement to the verb in the clause.. gerund ⇒ reading; gerund clause ⇒ reading a good book SUBJECT (GERUND CLAUSE) PREDICATE + COMPLEMENT: Computing . Gerunds and gerund phrases can act as direct objects when Joe gave weightlifting credit for his physique. 2. (gerund phrase as a subject complement) Carlos really enjoys biking through the mountains. The decision was to extend the deadline by three months. This page has lots of easy and real-life examples of gerund phrases and includes an interactive test. Is the Gerund in the following sentences used as a subject, object or as a complement? The gerund always has the same function as a noun (although it looks like a verb). Running marathons is my favorite activity. Reading rocks! Sarah enjoyed singing three songs. → Clue. Reference ... As a Subject Complement. → Clue. Gerund: Phrase: Running is my favorite activity. The audience considered the villain’s motive pouring oil on troubled waters.. . Swimming in the pool is fun. (1) Verb Phrases (gerund phrases) as Indirect Objects The third grammatical form that can perform the grammatical function of indirect object is the verb phrase in the form of present participles . Phrases These consist of a gerund and the words that modify and complement it. Hogging the middle of the bed = gerund phrase, the subject complement of the linking verb is. Buttering toast with a fork = present participle phrase describing Bernard. → Clue. THE GERUND AND THE GERUND PHRASE (p.82) . I love listening to my favorite band. Like a noun, it can perform different functions in a sentence. one more thing. Gerund: Phrase: Running is my favorite activity. He gave (going) a lot of consideration. as objective complement 63. I love listening. A Gerund Phrase is a group of words consisting of a gerund, modifier(s) and/or noun(s), pronoun(s) or noun phrase(s) which function as the direct object(s), indirect object(s), or complement(s) of the action or state expressed in the gerund. 2 She hates staying out at night. A gerund is a verb ending in -ing, but it doesn't behave like a verb. Hunting lions is dangerous. Read on yo learn more about gerund phrases! Note: The same spelling rules that apply to the progressive tenses also apply to gerunds. I call that (good playing). 1 Sailing is great fun. Gerunds and gerund phrases virtually never require punctuation. Participles A participle is a verbal that is used as an adjective and most often ends in-ing or-ed. Learn about gerund phrases, and how to use gerunds in a sentence. Unlike gerund phrases, infinitive phrases can be used as adjectives to modify a noun. 3 Fishing is my hobby. Gerunds can act as an object following the verb: Daniel quit smoking a year ago. These consist of a gerund and the words that modify and complement it. Some verbs and verb phrases are directly followed a gerund: (The other two are participles and infinitives.) 64. It also shows you how to dissect a gerund phrase into its components. Infinitive phrases only require a comma when the infinitive phrase is used as an adverbial phrase and introduces the main clause. Gerund Examples: Singing at the concert excited Sarah. This gerund phrase is still singular. When you master how a gerund is used in a sentence, it will become easier for you to differentiate it from the present participle form of a verb. His favorite hobby is cooking. … Verb phrases are defined as phrases formed by a verb plus any modifiers, … . 'being' doesn't give me progressive feeling in this sentence : It carrys 'habitual or state meaning', I think. as indirect object 61. A gerund, which functions as a noun, can consist of a single word or a phrase. I love listening to my favorite band. There are two complement types used with linking verbs and five complement types with action verbs (counting the option of having no complement as one of the possibilities). (gerund phrase as a direct object) I got this bruise from fencing with my instructor. Gerunds are tough -- really tough. The verbs that follows should still be singular! 5 Do you enjoy cooking? → Clue. Since a gerund often acts as a noun, it takes the place of a noun in a sentence as well, namely as subject, direct object, subject complement, subject of preposition. Last night I had to sleep on the couch because I found my dog Floyd hogging the middle of the bed. The gerund as the subject. "In those cases in which the complements are noun phrases, the subject complement shows concord with the subject S, and the object complement is in concord with the direct object, as can be best seen in the examples (16c) and (16h)." Eating people is wrong. First thing to remember, every sentence has two main parts: a subject and a predicate. A gerund phrase includes a gerund, modifier and complement. . My dog's most annoying habit is hogging the middle of the bed. 62. saves a … Running marathons is my favorite activity. Gerunds can serve as an object after a preposition: I look forward to helping you paint the house. Students often get confused when trying to use gerund subjects because the gerund is often followed by a plural noun. Therefore a gerund can be a subject, object, complement,* or object of a preposition. Gerund phrases begin with a gerund. What is essential is to maintain a healthy diet. Although we’re quite used to hearing these words and phrases from professors, parents, and potentially everyone around us in their everyday conversations and lectures, it’s exciting to see how famous authors use them in writing stories and plays. Swimming in the pool is fun. Gerunds are -ing words that function as nouns. (gerund phrase as the object of a preposition) Hint: If you're not sure if a word or phrase is a gerund… The gerund as the object. A to-infinitive clause can be a subject complement after be: My advice is to file a complaint at once. I find myself being unable to resist sweets. A gerund phrase can be a subject, subject complement, direct object, indirect object, or object of a preposition. (preposition = since) Gerunds as predicate nouns: Dawn's favorite activity is reading. With subject complements (and predicate nominatives in particular) in mind, let’s take a look at a gerund phrase acting in that capacity. what is the gerund phrase, and its noun use? (passive) Having read the book once before makes me more prepared. Because a gerund is a noun, it can be a subject complement. That 'being ' is used in the same spelling rules that apply to the progressive tenses also apply the... Me progressive feeling in this sentence: it carrys 'habitual or state meaning ' I. 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